The largest ethnic group in Suriname are the Hindustani, who emigrated from northern India in the 19th century. The former Dutch colony, now ruled by a drug-addicted dictator, is trying to attract tourists. A little over 500,000 people live there and represent a variety of cultures. So why are we travelling to Suriname?
The Hindustani make up 37% of the population, followed by the Creoles, the Maroons and the descendants of African slaves (each about 30%). Creole, chestnut and descendants of African slaves abound, with 38% of the population being Creole.
Suriname borders on Guyana, Guyana, Suriname, Haiti, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Haiti. These include the Courantyne, which is part of the border with Guyana, the chestnut trees, which are part of the border with French Guiana, and, as you can see on the map below, the country borders the two countries of Haiti and Guia, with a total population of about 2.5 million people.
Most of the region is covered with tropical rainforest, but there are also swamps and savannah and grassland areas. Since about 80% of Surinam is covered by rainforests, it should come as no surprise that there are a lot of mosquitoes in the country, especially in the wild.
The Scarlet Ibis is a rare species of ibis, which occurs in tropical regions of South America and the Caribbean. Certain insects are carried to this area from South America and spread by certain insects such as mosquitoes, moths and other insects from Africa.
After independence, Suriname tried to initiate a process of integration that would overcome ethnic, social, and geographical barriers. Paramaribo's unique history combines the history of the Dutch East India Company (Dutch Empire) and the colonization of South America. English and French merchants also tried to establish settlements in Suriname, including a French post office founded in 1644 in what is now Parameribo. Dutch soldiers from Amsterdam, the City Hall of Amsterdam, the Royal Dutch Navy and other forces were originally built to defend the colony.
The historic city centre is located on the left bank of the Suriname River and is defined by Sommelsdijkse Kreek in the north and Viottekreek in the south. It consists of sandbanks and mud banks deposited by the southern equatorial currents in an area around the mouth of the Amazon to the east of Suriname and Brazil. The area where French Guiana was at issue was the scene of a great battle between the French and Dutch East India Company (Dutch Empire) in 1644.
Spanish and English settlers first colonized the country, and in 1667 Suriname became a Dutch colony. The name of the country is derived from Taino, the region that was first inhabited by the Surines. The Dutch regained the colony under the Treaty of Breda in 1667, and Paramaribo became the capital of Dutch Guiana and remained so until its end in 1869, when it was annexed to the Netherlands again.
Portugal is and always has been a regional anomaly, which belies its status as one of the most diverse and culturally diverse countries in the world. Although itineraries to South America often break off, it still has much to offer: dense jungles that reach down to the river, a fascinating food and art scene that unites cultures from the Caribbean, Indonesia, India and China, and a rich history and culture.
The Surinese have lived in the area since the 16th century and are therefore often referred to as "Suriname" or "Paramaribo" (Portuguese: Surinese people). Suriname is the equivalent of the fist of North America, but it is a Spanish and Portuguese nation - with its own language, culture, history and history. Suriname is as close as you would squeeze your ankles in North America with your fist.
In a nod to Suriname's past as a Dutch colony, the official language is Dutch, but it is permeated by many other languages, including Portuguese, Spanish, French and English. Many inhabitants also speak Sranan and Tongo, which are Creole native languages. The most important Creole language and lingua franca is S Branantongo, which developed in the area where it was spoken by the slave masters. Dutch settlers brought slaves from Java (Indonesia) and India after the abolition of slavery in Africa, mainly to work on plantations. You hear Hindi and Javanese in Suriname, as well as the native languages Java, Javaesian and even Sri Lanka.
With the decline of the estates, Surinam developed into a flourishing colony, producing sugar and later coffee, cocoa and cotton. Paramaribo became the prosperous South American capital with a population of about 1.5 million people and an annual income of about 2.2 billion dollars.